In the SEND Code of Practice, there are four broad areas of special educational needs, that should be identified and focused on within educational settings.
The four main SEND areas are:
Communication and Interaction
Cognition and Learning
Social, Emotional and Mental Health difficulties
Physical and/or Sensory Needs
With regard to these categories, the Code states that "Many children and young people have difficulties that fit clearly into one of these areas; some have needs that span two or more areas; for others the precise nature of their need may not be clear at the outset."